Patterns & Terminology

Patterns (Poomse, Tul)

These are pre-arranged sequences of attack and defence movements against imaginary opponents. They are designed to improve power, accuracy and speed and to make techniques reflex actions rather than the result of (slow) conscious thought. The names of the patterns for coloured belt grade (kup) students is from the Tae guek (Tai Chi in Chinese) the ultimate principle in oriental philosophy. Tae means “great” and guek means “ultimate”; or “eternal”. Each pattern represents one of the eight Trigrams of the I Ching.

Coloured Belt Patterns


Number Command Naming
One Hana Il
Two Tul Ea
Three Seyt Sam
Four Neyt Sa
Five Tasut O
Six Yosut Ryuk
Seven Ilkop Chil
Eight Yudol Pal
Nine Ahop Ku
Ten Yul Sip

The Korean command numbers are used when calling out movements or techniques to be performed, or when counting out a fallen contestant in a tournament. The second set of numbers, derived from the Chinese, are used when numbering things such as patterns or kup (grades).

Korean Terminology Glossary